Yarmouth was established as a settlement in about AD991 and was called Eremue. It has had a turbulent history and was for a long time on the front line during the 100 Years War with France.
The town has its own castle which is on the shoreline which was built in the 1540's to defend the town.
The Harbour breakwater was constructed in 1847 at a cost of £1,200 and in 1863 the first road bridge was opened across the River Yar. Before that, passengers were taken to and from Yarmouth by ferry. In 1876 a pier was built and is reputed to be the longest timber pier in the country still open to the general public.
Between 1889 and 1953 Yarmouth was linked with other Island towns by a railway line.
The town is home to the Wightlink Yarmouth - Lymington ferry and the RNLI Lifeboat is based in the Harbour.